Angel Ridge Veterinary Service PLLC

Quality compassionate veterinary care for your animals.

Guinea Pigs

Guinea pigs aren’t very demanding, but there are few things they need:

Typical Diet

Guinea pigs should have a good diet consisting of the following:

  • Good quality guinea pig pellets – usually about 1/8 cup per day when supplemented with hay and fresh vegetables. Most pet stores sell guinea pig pellets.
  • Fresh hay such as Timothy hay – an unlimited supply of fresh hay daily.
  • This helps with their digestion as well as limiting the growth of their teeth.
  • Small amounts of vegetables
  • A variety of dark leafy and root vegetables are best. Vegetables should be thrown out if your guinea pig doesn’t eat them within 24 hours.
  • Vitamin C – This can be given in water (typically 250 mg/liter or quart in water)
  • Clean, fresh, water, which should be changed daily
  • Food and water should always be available to a guinea pig
  • Many house plants are toxic to a guinea pig, as is any grass treated with pesticides.


  • One guinea pig: 7.5 square feet cage (minimum), but more is better; generally 30″ x 36″ is a good size.
  • Two guinea pigs: 7.5 square feet (minimum), but 10.5 square feet is preferred; generally 30″ x 50″ is a good size.
  • Three guinea pigs: 10.5 square feet (minimum), but 13 square feet is preferred; generally 30″ x 62″ is a good size.
  • Four guinea pigs: 13 square feet (minimum), but more is better; generally 30″ x 76″ is a good size.

Remember to clean the cage regularly with mild soap and water. Make sure it is completely dry before returning your guinea pig to it. Bedding should be changed at least weekly.

More Guinea Pig Info

Guinea pigs benefit from being near family activity and thrive on lots of attention. Guinea pigs have very sensitive hearing, so they should not be kept next to anything loud, such as a television or stereo.

Call us at Angel Ridge Veterinary Service to schedule an appointment if you notice any of the following:

  • Weight loss
  • Distressed breathing
  • Skin lesions
  • Not eating or drinking
  • Lethargy
  • Overgrown teeth
  • Hair loss
  • Discharge from the eyes or nose
  • Diarrhea
  • Not walking normally
  • Lumps
  • Any abnormal behavior which concerns you

As always, feel free to call us at Angel Ridge Veterinary Service if you have any questions.